UNDERWEIGHT CHILDREN

0
663

The status of malnutrition (stunting, wasting, and underweight) in the country amongst children under 5 years is provided by the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted periodically by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoH&FW). The recently released report of NFHS-5 (2019-21) has shown improvement in key nutrition indicators as compared to NFHS-4 (2015-16). Among children under 5 years of age, Stunting has reduced from 38.4% to 35.5%, while Wasting has reduced from 21.0% to 19.3% and Underweight has reduced from 35.8% to 32.1%.

The prevalence of Stunting among Children under 5 years in 235 districts which were included under POSHAN Abhiyaan in 2018-19 is at Annexure I.

The Government has accorded high priority to the issue of malnutrition and is implementing several schemes/programmes of different Ministries/Departments through States/UTs to address various aspects related to nutrition. This Ministry is implementing POSHAN Abhiyaan, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, Anganwadi Services Scheme and Scheme for Adolescent Girls under the Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services Scheme (ICDS) as direct targeted interventions to address the problem of malnutrition in the country. Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition are treated at the Nutrition Rehabilitation Centres established by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

POSHAN Abhiyaan launched on 8th March 2018, aims to reduce malnutrition in the country in a phased manner by adopting a synergised and result oriented approach. The Abhiyaan is being implemented pan India covering all the Districts. The goals of POSHAN Abhiyaan are to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, adolescent girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers in a time bound manner with fixed targets.

Mission Poshan 2.0, an integrated nutrition support programme has been announced in budget 2021-2022 for all States/UTs. It seeks to strengthen nutritional content, delivery, outreach and outcomes with focus on developing practices that nurture health, wellness and immunity to disease and malnutrition. Steps have been taken to improve nutritional quality, strengthen delivery and leverage technology to improve governance under Poshan Tracker, a robust ICT platform, to improve governance with regard to real time monitoring of provisioning of supplementary nutrition for prompt supervisions and management of services. Government has advised States/UTs to ensure that the quality of supplementary nutrition conforms to prescribed standards laid down under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 and regulations made thereunder. States/UTs have also been advised to promote use of AYUSH systems for prevention of malnutrition and related diseases. A programme to support development of Poshan Vatikas at Anganwadi centers to meet dietary diversity gap leveraging traditional knowledge in nutritional practices has also been taken up. Further, Streamlined Guidelines were issued on 13.01.2021 for transparency and accountability in delivery of supplementary nutrition and to track nutritional outcomes.

This information was given by the Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani, in a written reply in Lok Sabha

Annexure I

Prevalence of Stunting among children under 5 years in 235 districts of States/UTs covered in Phase II (Year 2018-19) as per NFHS 5

State/UT District Name Stunting (%)
NFHS 5 (2019-21)
Andaman & Nicobar Nicobar 21.6
South Andaman 21.1
Total 2  
Andhra Pradesh Guntur 23.8
Krishna 29.8
Spsr Nellore 29.2
Total 3  
Arunachal Pradesh Anjaw 23.6
Dibang Valley 16.9
Kra Daadi 28.8
Kurung Kumey 29.2
Longding 15.8
Lower Subansiri 30.7
Namsai 28.7
Tirap 38.6
West Siang 24.5
Total 9  
Assam Baksa 41.2
Bongaigaon 46.2
Cachar 28.7
Charaideo 39
Chirang 42.7
Dhemaji 37.2
Dibrugarh 27.3
Dima Hasao 30.6
Golaghat 26.3
Hailakandi 42.9
Hojai 39.3
Kamrup 22.6
Kokrajhar 34.6
Marigaon 43.2
Nagaon 38.9
Sivasagar 26.1
South Salmara Mancachar 38.9
Tinsukia 32.8
Udalguri 33.8
Total 19  
Bihar Siwan 36.7
Total 1  
Chhattisgarh Balod 33.6
Baloda Bazar 40.9
Balrampur 35.1
Bemetara 38.4
Bilaspur 25.7
Dhamtari 30.5
Gariyaband 28.9
Janjgir-Champa 32.5
Kondagaon 37.6
Korea 32.1
Mungeli 30.1
Raigarh 39.1
Sukma 41.8
Surajpur 27.6
Surguja 29.4
Total 15  
Daman & Diu (UT) Daman 30
Total 1  
Gujarat Amreli 35.3
Arvalli 47.1
Banas Kantha 39
Bharuch 40.9
Chhotaudepur 48.6
Gandhinagar 38.1
Kachchh 37.5
Mahesana 31
Mahisagar 43.4
Morbi 32.9
Navsari 36.8
Panch Mahals 47.1
Patan 50.5
Rajkot 38.9
Surat 36.1
Tapi 41.7
Total 16  
Haryana Bhiwani 29
Charki Dadri 23.9
Gurugram 22.1
Kaithal 29.9
Karnal 29.2
Kurukshetra 24.9
Palwal 31
Rohtak 28.9
Sirsa 25
Sonipat 23.6
Yamunanagar 27.7
Total 11  
Himachal Pradesh Una 24.7
Total 1  
Jammu & Kashmir Badgam 26.8
Baramulla 23.2
Doda 32.7
Kargil District in Ladakh (36.5)
Kathua 21.8
Kupwara 24.9
Rajauri 30.3
Ramban 25.7
Total 8  
Jharkhand Bokaro 36.2
East Singhbum 35.9
Khunti 38.5
Ramgarh 35.3
Ranchi 28.3
Simdega 42.2
Total 6  
Karnataka Belgaum 32.8
Chamarajanagar 32.2
Chikballapur 31.3
Dharwad 45.2
Gadag 45.2
Kodagu 30.4
Kolar 31.1
Raichur 39.8
Shivamogga 29
Uttar Kannad 29.6
Total 10  
Kerala Kasaragod 25.3
Total 1  
Madhya Pradesh Agar Malwa 40.3
Anuppur 24
Balaghat 41.9
Betul 30.8
Harda 38.8
Hoshangabad 34.8
Mandla 32.1
Narsinghpur 32
Rewa 37
Sagar 42.7
Satna 49.4
Sehore 21.9
Seoni 23.5
Shahdol 44
Total 14  
Maharashtra Akola 31.8
Aurangabad 34.2
Bhandara 31.3
Latur 43.2
Palghar 33
Raigad 35.8
Thane 40.8
Total 7  
Manipur Noney NA (Not available in NFHS-5)
Prherzawl NA
Kamjong NA
Kakching NA
Kangpokpi NA
Churachandpur 25.1
Senapati 27.3
Tamenglong 27.1
Thoubal 31.5
Imphal West 15.6
Ukhrul 27.1
Total 11  
Meghalaya East Garo Hills 39.7
North Garo Hills 35.6
South Garo Hills 29.8
South West Garo Hills 32.2
South West Khasi Hills 51.4
West Garo Hills 39.5
Total 6  
Mizoram Aizwal 25.3
Champhai 27.2
Mamit 26.4
Total 3  
Nagaland Mokokchung 31.4
Mon 35.5
Peren 34.9
Zunheboto 44
Total 4  
 

NCT Of Delhi

Central 33.5
North East 38.7
South 33.4
South East 21.7
South West 27.1
Total 5  
Orissa Anugul 28.1
Baleshwar 24.4
Bhadrak 32.3
Cuttack 20.4
Deogarh 28.4
Dhenkanal 33.3
Gajapati 43.4
Ganjam 23.9
Jajapur 25.5
Jharsuguda 27.1
Kalahandi 33
Kandhamal 34.2
Nuapada 43.1
Sundargarh 32.9
Total 14  
Puducherry Mahe 48.2
Total 1  
Punjab Firozepur 30
Taran Taran 23.8
Moga 22
Total 3  
Rajasthan Bhilwara 22.6
Bikaner 22.8
Bundi 30
Ganganagar 24.5
Hanumangarh 24.2
Jaisalmer 25.5
Jhalawar 34
Nagaur 31.5
Sikar 23.1
Total 9  
Sikkim East District 17.8
North Sikkim 31.8
South District 24.8
Total 3  
Tamil Nadu Ramanathapuram 26.4
Thiruvallur 18.1
Tiruchirappalli 27.6
Tirunelveli 29.4
Kannya Kumari 17.3
Virudhunagar 29.2
Total 6  
Telangana Jayashankar Bhupalapally 32.5
Jogulamba Gadwal 49.7
Kamareddy 33.4
Karimnagar 30.3
Khammam 22.2
Kumuram Bheem Asifabad 38.1
Mancherial 25.9
Medak 36.4
Nagarkurnool 35.1
Nalgonda 31.7
Nirmal 31.7
Nizamabad 30.5
Sangareddy 32.9
Siddipet 28.1
Wanaparthy 40.4
Warangal Urban 29.5
Total 16  
Tripura West Tripura 30.3
Total 1  
Uttar Pradesh Amethi 35.8
Ballia 43.8
Deoria 36.8
Gautam Buddha Nagar 25.5
Hapur 30.2
Lalitpur 46.6
Mathura 31.6
Pratapgarh 35.5
Saharanpur 28.8
Sambhal 51.6
Shamli 28.6
Total 11  
Uttarakhand Almora 26
Champawat 24.9
Nainital 23.2
Pithoragarh 25.6
Rudra Prayag 25.2
Tehri Garhwal 29.3
Total 6  
West Bengal Alipurduar NA (newly formed)
Bankura 30.3
Coochbehar 28.7
Darjeeling 34.3
Dinajpur Dakshin 31.9
Hooghly 28.9
Jalpaiguri 28.9
Medinipur East 25.8
Medinipur West 31.1
Nadia 26.1
Paschim Bardhaman 39.7
Purba Bardhaman 32.7
Total 12  
Grand Total 235  

 

 

LEAVE A REPLY