As per the budget announcement 2017-18, 1.5 lakh Health Sub Centres and Primary Health Centres are to be transformed into Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) by December, 2022. The roll out plan of Ayushman Bharat – HWCs is given as below:
- FY 2018-19 = 15,000
- FY 2019-20 = 25,000 (Cumulative 40,000)
- FY 2020-21 = 30,000 (Cumulative 70,000)
- FY 2021-2022 = 40,000 (Cumulative 1,10,000)
- Till 31st December 2022 = 40,000 (Cumulative 1,50,000)
Under Ayushman Bharat (AB-HWCs) provision of comprehensive primary care includes preventive healthcare and health promotion at the community level with continuum of care approach for all. Services at AB-HWCs are free and universal to all individuals residing in the service area including mental health services.
Besides expanding and strengthening the existing Reproductive and Child Health (RMNCHA+N) services and Communicable Diseases services, the functional AB-HWCs provide services related to Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) (screening and management for NCDs such as Hypertension, Diabetes and 3 common cancers of Oral, Breast and Cervix) and incrementally adding other primary healthcare services for mental health, ENT, Ophthalmology, oral health, geriatric and palliative health care and trauma care etc.
Presently, as on 22nd March 2021, 70,221 HWCs are functional across the country.
Mental Health services is part of the expanded package of services being incrementally rolled out under Comprehensive Primary Health Care. Operational Guidelines for Care of Mental, Neurological and Substance Use (MNS) Disorders at Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centres have been shared with the States.
30 National trainers and 100 State level trainers for training Front line workers (ASHA & MPW) and 45 National Trainers and 100 State level trainers on the Training modules on MNS disorders. 27specialists are currently undergoing training to be National Level Trainers for training State level trainers for rollout of training for PHC Medical Officers. States are in the process of training the respective cadres.
Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY) provides treatment corresponding to a total of 1682 procedures under 25 different specialties including oncology, nephrology, cardiology and general medicine etc. Of these, a total of 10 packages pertains to the field of mental healthcare.
Status of operationalization of AB-HWCs as on 22.03.2021
|S.N.||State/UT||No. of Functional HWCs as on 22.03.2021|
|(As per HWC portal)|
|1||A & N Islands||80|
|8||D & N Haveli||60|
|9||Daman & Diu||30|
|10||Delhi||Not implementing the scheme.|
|15||Jammu & Kashmir||1114|
List of packages under Speciality – Mental disorders defined under AB PM-JAY
|2||Mental disorders – Organic, including symptomatic|
|3||Schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders|
|4||Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders|
|5||Mood (affective) disorders|
|6||Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors|
|7||Mental and Behavioural disorders due to psychoactive substance use|
|8||Pre – Electro Convulsive Therapy (ECT) and Pre – Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Package (Cognitive Tests, Complete Haemogram, Liver Function Test, Renal Function Test, Serum Electrolytes, Electrocardiogram (ECG), CT / MRI Brain, Electroencephalogram, Thyroid Function Test, VDRL, HIV Test, Vitamin B12 levels, Folate levels, Lipid Profile, Homocysteine levels)|
|9||Electro Convulsive Therapy (ECT) – per session|
|10||Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) – per session|
The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh. Ashwini Kumar Choubey stated this in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha