As per Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India, ‘Police’ and ‘Public Order’ are State Subjects and as such the primary responsibility of maintenance of law and order lies in the domain of State Governments concerned. However, the Government of   India has been Supplementing the efforts of states affected by Left Wing Extremism.  Cases related to extortion and damage to property/economic infrastructure are registered, investigated and prosecuted by the State Government concerned.

According to reports, Left Wing Extremist Groups, reportedly resort to extortion from industrialists, businessmen and contractors. The State-wise details of total incidents of kidnapping by LWE and resultant killings during the last three years and in the current year are as below:

State 2018 2019 2020 2021

(Till 30 June 21)

Bihar 0 4 1 0
Chhattisgarh 1 0 1 0
Jharkhand 6 5 4 2
Odisha 2 0 0 0
Total 9 9 6 2

The details of cases of extortion by LWE groups and the number of persons arrested/killed in the cases of abductions and extortions are not centrally maintained.                           The State Wise details of damage to economic infrastructure by the Left Wing Extremists during the last three years and in the current year are given as below:

State 2018 2019 2020 2021

(Till 30 June 21)

Andhra Pradesh 1 2 0 0
Bihar 0 1 2 0
Chhattisgarh 40 35 35 18
Jharkhand 4 5 2 4
Madhya Pradesh 0 0 1 1
Maharashtra 6 12 5 1
Odisha 6 9 1 0
Telangana 3 0 1 0
Total 60 64 47 24

 These include attacks on mobile towers, mining infrastructure, railway properties, Government buildings, schools, roads, bridges etc. The quantum of damage to economic infrastructure and persons arrested in these incidents are not centrally maintained.

The Central Government closely monitors the situation and has a multi pronged strategy towards combating LWE including security related measures, development related interventions and ensuring rights and entitlements of local communities.

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Nityanand Rai in a written reply to question in the Lok Sabha today.