Sale of Generic Drugs in the country

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‘PradhanMantriBhartiyaJanaushadhiPariyojana’ (PMBJP) was launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers, Government of India under which quality generic medicines are sold across the country through dedicated outlets PradhanMantriBharityaJanaushadhi Kendra (PMBJK). As on 10.03.2021, 7507 PMBJKs has been opened across the country.

There is no definition of generic or branded medicines under the Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules, 1945 made thereunder. However, generic medicines are generally those which contain same amount of same active ingredient(s) in same dosage form and are intended to be administered by the same route of administration as that of branded medicine. Further, drugs manufactured in the country, irrespective of whether they are generic or branded, are required to comply with the same standards as prescribed in the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules, 1945 made thereunder for their quality. As such they are expected to have similar effects.

The price of an unbranded generic version of a medicine is generally lower than the price of a corresponding branded medicine because in case of generic version, the pharmaceutical company does not spend money on promotion of its brand. The sale of a generic version is incentivized by a pharmaceutical company by keeping a high trade margin for wholesalers and retailers.

However, Clause 1.5 of Indian Medical Council (Professional Conduct, Etiquette and Ethics) Regulations, 2002 prescribes that every physician should prescribe drugs with generic names legibly and preferably in capital letters and he/she shall ensure that there is a rational prescription and use of drug. Further, the erstwhile Medical Council of India had issued Circular dated 21.04.2017 vide which all the Registered Medical Practitioners (RMPs) have been directed to comply with the aforesaid provisions. The MCI or the appropriate State Medical Councils have been empowered to take disciplinary action against a doctor for violation of the provision of the aforesaid Regulations. As and when complaints are received against the violation of code of ethics for doctors, such complaints are referred by MCI to the concerned State Medical Councils where the doctors/medical practitioners are registered. Further, even Tele-Medicine Guidelines 2020; notified on 22nd May, 2020, do direct all the RMPs to use Generic Names of the drugs in capital letters on the prescription format as appended with the document.

Further, the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has taken various regulatory measures to promote and ensure the quality of generic medicines. These include instructions to Licensing Authorities to grant/ renew licenses to manufacture for sale or for distribution of drugs in proper/generic names only, amendment in the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945 for making it mandatory to grant license for a drug formulation containing single active ingredient in proper name only, and inclusion of provision in the Rules, 1945 for submission of the result of bioequivalence study alongwith application for grant of manufacturing license in the case of certain drugs and also provision for joint inspection of manufacturing establishment by the Drugs Inspectors of Central Government and State Government.

Sl. No. Name of the State/UT Number

 

1 Andaman & Nicobar 1
2 Andhra Pradesh 178
3 Arunachal Pradesh 28
4 Assam 77
5 Bihar 222
6 Chandigarh 7
7 Chhattisgarh 229
8 Delhi 291
9 Goa 9
10 Gujarat 508
11 Haryana 200
12 Himachal Pradesh 58
13 Jammu And Kashmir 90
14 Jharkhand 70
15 Karnataka 868
16 Kerala 744
17 Ladakh 3
18 Lakshadweep* 0
19 Madhya Pradesh 216
20 Maharashtra 566
21 Manipur 32
22 Meghalaya 14
23 Mizoram 22
24 Nagaland 15
25 Odisha 267
26 Puducherry 16
27 Punjab 275
28 Rajasthan 114
29 Sikkim 3
30 Tamil Nadu 773
31 Telangana 141
32 The Dadra And Nagar Haveli And Daman And Diu 31
33 Tripura 24
34 Uttar Pradesh 1058
35 Uttarakhand 201
36 West Bengal 156
  Grand Total 7507
*Medicines are directly supplied to the administration of UT of Lakshwadeep

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh. Ashwini Kumar Choubey stated this in a written reply in the RajyaSabha here today.

 

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