Fertility of Soil 

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A dedicated scheme on “Soil Health Card” has been launched to take care of Soil Health for the first time in a uniform manner to evaluate the soil fertility across the country by the GOI in cooperation with state governments Soil Health Card contains the status of soils with respect to 12 parameters, namely – N, P, K (Macro-nutrients), S (Secondary-nutrients), Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn, B (Micro-nutrients) and pH, EC, OC (Physical Parameters). It also provides crop wise fertiliser recommendations. Soil Health Card helps farmers to improve productivity by maintaining soil health. SHC also promotes the judicious use of the fertilisers thus reducing the cost of cultivation.

         In all, 10.73 crore Soil Health Cards have been distributed during Cycle-I (2015-17) whereas 4.71 crore Soil Health Cards have been distributed to the farmers across the country during Cycle-II (2017-19).

A GPS based unified criteria for Collection of Soil Samples at a grid of 2.5 ha in irrigated and 10 ha in rainfed areas are being adopted throughout the country as per suggestion of ICAR.

To evaluate the extent of nutrient deficiencies in the soils, Soil Fertility Assessment and Nutrient Mapping is being done by the NRSC, Hyderabad, using soil health card data. Besides, based on soil test results available, nutrient maps are also being generated by the NIC which can be drilled down to the block / village and farmer level. Moreover, the ICAR through Indian Institute of Soil Science and All India Coordinated Research Projects (AICRPs) on Soil Test Crop Response (STCR)Micro- and Secondary Nutrients and Pollutant Elements (MSNP) in soils and Plants, Long Term Fertilizer Experiments (LTFE) and Network Project on Soil Biodiversity-Biofertilizers are providing technological backstopping to various schemes related to soil fertility and fertilizer use in the country including Maharashtra. The ICAR imparts training, organises Front Line Demonstrations (FLDs) to educate farmers on soil test based balanced and integrated nutrient management through conjunctive use of both inorganic and organic sources (FYM, compost, biofertilizers etc.) of plant nutrients to improve soil fertility.

A new scheme, “Soil Health Card” for every farmer at an interval of 2 years has been launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 19th February, 2015 with an aim to assist state government and union territory to provide Soil Health Cards for all farm holdings across the country.

Soil health card provides information to the farmers on fertility status of their soils to enables them to apply soil health card based recommended dosages of fertilizers including micro-nutrients, bio-fertilizers, manures as well as soil ameliorants so as to check the declining fertility of agriculture land and improve the fertility of soils to increase productivity across the country including Maharashtra besides enhancing farmers income.

Government is implementing Soil Health Management and Soil Health Card Scheme to improve soil health and fertility.  Under these schemes financial assistance are provided to State Governments and not farmers directly.  State-wise fund released for the last three years and current financial year is given at Annexure-I & IIrespectively.

A statement showing state-wise number of soil testing Centres are given at Annexure-III.

 

Annexure-I

State-wise Fund Released   under Soil Health Management

      (Rs. In lakh)
Sl. No State 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 Total
Released Released Released Released Released
1 Andhra Pr. 289.05 652.21 1221.80 1393.06 3556.12
2 Arunachal Pr. 0.00 51.14 17.05 0.00 68.19
3 Assam 102.33 0.00 138.38 0.00 240.71
4 Bihar 151.88 0.00 0.00 0.00 151.88
5 Chhattisgarh 225.00 619.95 124.25 0.00 969.20
6 Goa 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
7 Gujarat 0.00 0.00 338.76 0.00 338.76
8 Haryana 0.00 258.07 450.00 0.00 708.07
9 Himachal Pr. 90.60 180.71 56.30 0.00 327.61
10 J & K 25.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.31
11 Jharkhand 16.88 337.13 0.00 0.00 354.00
12 Karnataka 292.50 927.16 432.36 711.89 2363.90
13 Kerala 40.48 0.00 0.00 0.00 40.48
14 Madhya Pr. 0.00 3877.14 0.00 0.00 3877.14
15 Maharashtra 319.50 1721.07 0.00 0.00 2040.57
16 Manipur 0.00 0.00 67.50 0.00 67.50
17 Meghalaya 0.00 41.57 0.00 0.00 41.57
18 Mizoram 0.00 44.35 0.00 0.00 44.35
19 Nagaland 40.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 40.50
20 Odisha 196.88 0.00 298.12 114.75 609.75
21 Punjab 0.00 0.00 246.76 11.25 258.01
22 Rajasthan 771.30 0.00 0.00 0.00 771.30
23 Sikkim 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.00
24 Tamil Nadu 305.76 60.00 0.00 250.13 615.89
25 Telengana 167.50 441.00 802.05 0.00 1410.55
26 Tripura 28.40 288.74 0.00 0.00 317.14
27 Uttar Pr. 838.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 838.13
28 Uttarakhand 19.75 0.00 24.75 48.46 92.96
29 West Bengal 478.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 478.13
30 Puducherry 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
31 FACT Kochi 24.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 24.02
  Total 4438.89 9550.22 4218.07 2529.54 20736.72

 

 

Annexure-II

State-wise fund released  under Soil Health Card Scheme

(Rs. In lakh)
Sl. No State 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 Total
Released Released Released Released Released
1 Andhra Pra. 457.75 1394.47 1225.67 672.98 3750.87
2 Arunachal Pr. 17.18 37.37 20.79 49.40 124.74
3 Assam 142.07 365.03 0.00 0.00 507.10
4 Bihar 488.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 488.17
5 Chhattisgarh 281.03 342.72 888.12 350.05 1861.91
6 Goa 12.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.42
7 Gujarat 603.46 528.69 1990.36 0.00 3122.51
8 Haryana 288.22 0.00 1065.05 800.23 2153.50
9 Himachal Pr. 47.34 29.42 136.34 113.09 326.19
10 J & K 77.16 0.00 0.00 246.54 323.70
11 Jharkhand 53.97 64.18 0.00 0.00 118.15
12 Karnataka 650.25 1029.80 1135.63 835.33 3651.01
13 Kerala 60.93 0.00 0.00 0.00 60.93
14 Madhya Pr. 888.05 1373.54 2669.47 2097.56 7028.62
15 Maharashtra 932.30 1910.73 1066.77 1560.21 5470.01
16 Manipur 17.58 0.00 0.00 0.00 17.58
17 Meghalaya 20.60 0.00 40.26 30.48 91.34
18 Mizoram 13.79 6.15 12.25 17.48 49.67
19 Nagaland 22.46 17.55 0.00 40.03 80.04
20 Odisha 269.89 304.48 451.33 341.96 1367.66
21 Punjab 304.98 0.00 0.00 0.00 304.98
22 Rajasthan 875.79 1108.29 0.00 2109.67 4093.75
23 Sikkim 11.81 0.00 13.51 66.35 91.67
24 Tamil Nadu 469.51 644.92 868.91 964.64 2947.98
25 Telengana 352.92 468.25 705.39 0.00 1526.56
26 Tripura 22.71 59.21 33.48 26.42 141.82
27 Uttar Pr. 1716.42 2442.05 2256.36 2319.31 8734.13
28 Uttarakhand 65.19 144.70 92.54 163.85 466.27
29 West Bengal 480.12 1094.96 591.01 637.18 2803.27
30 Puducherry 0.00 0.00 13.64 0.00 13.64
31 A&N Island 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.78 5.78
32 D&N Haveli 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.26 6.26
  Total 9644.07 13366.49 15276.87 13454.78 51742.20

Annexure-III

Statement of State-wise number of Soil Testing Labs

 

Sl. No State Number of STLs
1 Andhra Pradesh 97
2 Karnataka 71
3 Kerala 28
4 Tamil Nadu 50
5 Puducherry 2
6. A & N Islands 1
7. Telangana 3
8 Gujarat 141
9. Madhya Pradesh 338
10 Maharashtra 206
11 Rajasthan 114
12. Chhattisgarh 33
13 Goa 4
14 Haryana 41
15 Punjab 71
16 Uttarakhand 16
17 Uttar Pradesh 291
18 Himachal Pradesh 21
19 Jammu & Kashmir 24
20. Delhi 1
21. Bihar 45
22. Jharkhand 8
23 Orissa 33
24. West Bengal 36
25. Assam 15
26. Tripura 10
27. Manipur 8
28. Meghalaya 6
29. Nagaland 4
30. Arunachal Pradesh 8
31. Sikkim 6
32. Mizoram 6
Total 1738

 

This Information was given by the Minister of State for Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat

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