Framework for Doubling Farmers’ Income 

0
313
The Government had constituted an Inter-ministerial Committee in April, 2016 to examine issues relating to “Doubling of Farmers Income” and recommend strategies to achieve the same. The Committee has submitted its Report to the Government in September, 2018. The Committee on Doubling Farmers’ Income (DFI) recognises agriculture as a value led enterprise and has identified seven major sources of growth, viz., improvement in crop productivity; improvement in livestock productivity; resource use efficiency or savings in the cost of production; increase in the cropping intensity; diversification towards high value crops; improvement in real prices received by farmers; and shift from farm to non-farm occupations.

National Sample Survey (NSS) conducted a Situation Assessment Survey (SAS) of Agricultural Households during its 70th round (January – December 2013) in the rural areas of the country with reference to the agricultural year July 2012- June 2013. Among various indicators related to the agricultural households, the survey collected information on income generated by agricultural households from different economic activities (both farm and non-farm) during the agricultural year July 2012 –June 2013 which is given at Annexure.

Agriculture being a State subject, the State Governments undertakes development of perspective plans and ensure effective implementation of the programmes/ schemes. Also, Government of India supplements the efforts of the State Governments through various Schemes/ Programmes aimed at improving production, post harvest & management, including progressive agri-market reforms,   access to credit,  risk management and income support. Some important programmes

are as follows:

  1. Kisan Credit Cards provides agriculture credit to farmers at subsidized rates, with a 2% interest

subvention (IS) and Prompt Repayment Incentive (PRI) of 3% so as to make the effective rate of interest as 4%. The initiatives to simplify procedures for availing KCC include:

  1. Activities relating to Animal Husbandry and Fisheries included in KCC – benefits of  IS and PRI also extended
  2. Indian Banker’s Association has waived off processing fee, inspection, ledger folio charges and all other service charges for renewal/fresh issue of KCC.
  3. RBI has raised the collateral free existing agriculture loan limit from Rs.1 lakh to Rs.1.60 lakh.

ii)  With a view to provide better insurance coverage to crops for risk mitigation, Government has launched a crop insurance scheme namely Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) from Kharif 2016 season. This scheme provides insurance cover for all stages of the crop cycle including post-harvest risks in specified instances. Claims of Rs. 8,665 crore were paid to 553.01 lakh farmers in the year 2018-19.

iii)    Giving a major boost for the farmers income, the Government has approved the increase in the Minimum Support Price (MSPs) for all Kharif & Rabi crops for 2018-19 season at a level of at least 150 percent of the cost of production.

iv)  With a view to provide income support to all farmers’ families across the country, to enable them to take care of expenses related to agriculture and allied activities as well as domestic needs, the Central Government started a new Central Sector Scheme, namely, the Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAmman Nidhi (PM-KISAN). The scheme aims to provide a payment of Rs. 6000/- per year, in three 4-monthly installments of Rs. 2000/- to the farmers, subject to certain exclusions relating to higher income groups.  An amount of Rs. 12646.579 crore has been distributed to 632.32895 lakh farmers in the year 2018-19.

v)   With a view to provide social security net for Small and Marginal Farmers (SMF) as they have minimal or no savings to provide for old age and to support them in the event of consequent loss of livelihood, the Government has decided to implement another new Central Sector Scheme for providing old age pension to these farmers. Under this Scheme, a minimum fixed pension of Rs. 3000/- be provided to the eligible small and marginal farmers, subject to certain exclusion clauses, on attaining the age of 60 years. The scheme aims to cover around 5 crore beneficiaries in the first three years. It would be a voluntary and contributory pension scheme, with entry age of 18 to 40 years. The Government has approved a budgetary provision of Rs. 10774.50 crore for the scheme till March, 2022.

Annexure

 

The Average monthly income (₹)  per agricultural household for different States/ group of UTs for the period July 2012 – June 2013 as per the results of the Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households of NSS 70th round is as under:

State/ Group of UTs income from wages

(₹)

 

net receipt from cultivation

(₹)

net receipt from farming of animals

(₹)

net receipt from non-farm business

(₹)

Total

income

(₹)

Number of agricultural households
estimated

(00)

sample
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (9) (10)
 Andhra Pradesh 2482 2022 1075 400 5979 35968 1151
 Arunachal Pradesh 2076 6647 1310 836 10869 1080 312
 Assam 1430 4211 799 255 6695 34230 1681
 Bihar 1323 1715 279 240 3558 70943 2077
 Chhattisgarh 1848 3347 -19 1 5177 25608 630
 Gujarat 2683 2933 1930 380 7926 39388 1303
 Haryana 3491 7867 2645 431 14434 15693 587
 Himachal Pradesh 4030 2876 1047 824 8777 8811 622
 Jammu &    Kashmir 7336 3063 801 1483 12683 11283 711
Jharkhand 1839 1451 1193 238 4721 22350 770
 Karnataka 2677 4930 600 625 8832 42421 1322
 Kerala 5254 3531 575 2529 11888 14043 1217
 Madhya Pradesh 1332 4016 732 129 6210 59950 1925
 Maharashtra 2156 3856 539 834 7386 70972 2574
 Manipur 3815 2924 1563 540 8842 1762 748
 Meghalaya 3776 6472 657 887 11792 3544 522
 Mizoram 3655 4561 864 19 9099 758 344
 Nagaland 5393 3212 1384 59 10048 2621 352
Odisha 1716 1407 1314 539 4976 44934 1677
 Punjab 4779 10862 1658 760 18059 14083 725
 Rajasthan 2534 3138 967 710 7350 64765 1635
 Sikkim 3113 1696 980 1009 6798 674 312
 Tamil Nadu 2902 1917 1100 1061 6980 32443 1933
Telangana 1450 4227 374 260 6311 25389 752
 Tripura 2185 2772 311 162 5429 2445 829
Uttarakhand 1069 2531 848 253 4701 10608 295
 Uttar Pradesh 1150 2855 543 376 4923 180489 4787
 West Bengal 2126 979 225 650 3980 63624 2556
Group of UTs 5179 1864 213 1312 8568 715 422
 all-India 2071 3081 763 512 6426 902039 34907

Source: Table 1 of Appendix A, NSS Report No.576: Income, Expenditure, Productive Assets and Indebtedness of Agricultural Households in India

Note: State-wise estimates were presented in the report in respect of those States for which number of sample households was at least 300.

 Figures of all UTs have been clubbed together and shown under the head ‘group of UTs’ as sample number of households for each of the UTs was less than 300.

This Information was given by the Union Minister for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in Rajya Sabha

LEAVE A REPLY