Inter-Linking of Rivers

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The National Perspective Plan (NPP) was prepared by the then Ministry of Irrigation (now Ministry of Jal Shakti) in August 1980 for development of water resources through inter basin transfer of water, for transferring water from water-surplus basins to water-deficit basins. Under the NPP, the National Water Development Agency (NWDA) has identified 30 links (16 under Peninsular Component & 14 under Himalayan Component) for preparation of Feasibility Reports. Details and status of the proposals for inter-linking of rivers under the Inter Linking of Rivers (ILR) Programme is furnished at Annexure-I.

Water being a State subject, steps for augmentation, conservation and efficient
management to ensure sustainability of water resources are undertaken by the respective State Governments. However, Government of India has taken several initiatives by way of providing technical and financial assistance to the State Governments for the projects planned towards water conservation and restoration of traditional water sources, through various schemes, such as Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies and Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI) Schemes, Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain – 2022 campaign, etc.

Under the scheme of RRR of Water Bodies, rural water bodies having minimum water spread area of 2 hectares (1 hectare for North Eastern, Sikkim and Hilly States including UTs of J&K and Ladakh), and urban water bodies having minimum water spread area of 1 hectare (0.5 hectare for North Eastern, Sikkim and Hilly States including UTs of J&K and Ladakh) are eligible for inclusion with the objectives of restoration of water bodies for assured supply of water for irrigation, increased availability of drinking water, ground water recharge and water conservation.

Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI) scheme targeting to provide financial assistance to the identified minor irrigation projects (with irrigation potential less than 2,000 hectare) using surface water, have been included under Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) since 1999-2000 for special category States. Subsequently, the scheme has been extended to areas covering Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP), Tribal, Desert Development Programme (DDP), Flood prone, Left Wing Extremism and Koraput, Bolangir and Kalahandi (KBK) region of Odisha, Bundelkhand region of UP and MP and Marathwada and Vidharbha regions of Maharashtra. Main objective of SMI schemes is to expand cultivable area under assured irrigation.

Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain – 2022 Campaign has been launched in March, 2022 in all districts of the country. The campaign, inter alia, focuses on interventions for water conservation and rainwater harvesting, which include making of roof-top Rain Water Harvesting Structures (RWHS) on buildings and water harvesting pits in compounds; maintenance of existing RWHS and creation of new check dams/ ponds; renovation of traditional water harvesting Structures; removal of encroachments of lakes/ tanks and in their catchment channels; desilting of tanks, spring shed development, etc.

The Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) projects under NPP would also help in water conservation by mitigating effects of floods and droughts. The ILR projects would also help in recharge of ground water and tanks, etc. in the command areas, thus, leading to substantial water conservation, besides primarily providing for irrigation benefits, augmentation of drinking water supply and hydro-power generation. The implementation of ILR projects as per NPP shall help in harnessing and transfer of approximately 166 Billion Cubic Metres of water.

Detailed survey and investigation for ILR projects has been conducted during preparation of Detailed Project Report of Ken–Betwa Link Project and Feasibility Reports of other link projects pertaining to the States of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.

Three link projects under NPP viz; Yamuna-Rajasthan link, Rajasthan-Sabarmati link and Parbati-Kalisindh-Chambal link will benefit the State of Rajasthan. As per the surveys and Studies done by NWDA, the benefits and present status of the links are furnished at Annexure-II.

Two link projects under NPP viz; Ken-Betwa link and Parbati-Kalisindh-Chambal link will benefit the State of Madhya Pradesh. The Ken-Betwa link is the first link under NPP for which implementation has been initiated. The benefits and present status of the links benefitting Madhya Pradesh are furnished at Annexure-III.

This Information was given by the Minister of State for Jal Shakti, Shri Bishweswar Tudu in a written  reply in Lok Sabha today.

 

AnnexurE-I

Details and status of the proposals for inter-linking of rivers under the Inter Linking of Rivers Programme

 

S.

No

Name Rivers States concerned Status
Peninsular Component      
1(a) Mahanadi (Manibhadra)–

Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link

Mahanadiand Godavari Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Telangana,

Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Karnataka and Maharashtra

FR Completed.
1(b) Mahanadi (Bermul)–

Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link

Mahanadi and Godavari do FR Completed.*

 

2 Godavari(Inchampall)-Krishna(Pulichintala)

link

Godavariand Krishna Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra

and Karnataka

FR Completed.
3 Godavari(Inchampalli)-Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) link Godavariand Krishna –do– FR Completed.
DPR

Completed.

4 Godavari(Polavaram)

– Krishna(Vijayawada) link

Godavari and Krishna –do– FR Completed.
5 Krishna(Almatti)

–Pennar link

Krishna and Pennar Telangana, Andhra Pradesh,Maharashtra and Karnataka FR Completed.
6 Krishna (Srisailam)–Pennar link Krishna and Pennar –do– FR Completed.
7 Krishna(Nagarjunasagar)-Pennar (Somasila) link Krishna and Pennar –do– FR Completed.
DPR Completed.
8 Pennar (Somasila)–Cauvery(Grand Anicut) link Pennar and Cauvery Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry FR Completed.
DPR Completed.
9 Cauvery (Kattalai)–Vaigai–Gundar link Cauvery, Vaigai and

Gundar

Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry DPR Completed.
10 Ken–Betwa link Ken and Betwa Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh DPR (Phase – I, II & Comprehensive report) Completed.
         
11

(i)

Parbati – Kalisindh –Chambal link Parbati, Kalisindhand Chambal Madhya Pradesh,Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan requested to be Consulted during consensus building) FR Completed.
(ii) Parbati-Kuno-Sindh link Parbati, Kuno and Sindh Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan PFR completed.$
12 Par-Tapi-Narmada link Par, Tapi and Narmada Maharashtra and Gujarat DPR Completed.
13 Damanganga – Pinjal link Damanganga and Pinjal –do– DPR Completed.
14 Bedti-Varada link Bedti and Varada Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka PFR Completed.

Draft DPR completed

15 Netravati – Hemavati link Netravati

and Hemavati

Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala PFR Completed.
16 Pamba – Achankovil –Vaippar link Pamba,Achankovil and Vaippar Kerala and Tamil Nadu FR Completed.
 

Integration of Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project of Rajasthan and Parbati – Kalisindh – Chambal link.

 

Himalayan Component  
1. Manas-Sankosh-Tista-Ganga(M-S-T-G)link Manas, Sankosh,

Tista and Ganga

BHUTAN&INDIA

(Assam,West Bengal and Bihar)

FR completed.

 

2. Kosi-Ghaghra link Kosi and Ghaghra NEPAL&INDIA

(Bihar and Uttar Pradesh)

PFR completed
3. Gandak-Ganga link Gandak and Ganga –do– FR completed (Indian portion)
4. Ghaghra-Yamuna link Ghaghra and Yamuna –do– FR completed (Indian portion)
5. Sarda-Yamuna link Sarda and Yamuna NEPAL&INDIA

(Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana

And Rajasthan)

FR completed (Indian portion)
6. Yamuna-Rajasthan link Yamuna and Sukri Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and UttarPradesh FR completed
7. Rajasthan-Sabarmati link Sabarmati –do– FR completed
8. Chunar-Sone Barrage link Ganga and Sone Bihar and Uttar Pradesh FR completed
9. Sone Dam – Southern Tributaries of Ganga link Sone and Badua Bihar and Jharkhand PFR completed
10. Ganga (Farakka)-Damodar-

Subernarekha link

Ganga, Damodar and Subernarekha West Bengal,Odisha and Jharkhand FR completed

 

11. Subernarekha-Mahanadi link Subernarekha and Mahanadi West Bengal and Odisha FR completed
12. Kosi-Mechi Link Kosi and Mechi NEPAL & INDIA

(Bihar and West Bengal)

PFR completed
13. Ganga (Farakka)-Sunderbans link Ganga and Ichhamati West Bengal FR completed
14. Jogighopa-Tista-Farakka link (Alternative to M-S-T-G) Manas,Tista and Ganga Assam, Bihar and West Bengal PFR completed

 

(Dropped)

 

  • PFR- Pre Feasibility Report
  • FR- Feasibility Report
  • DPR- Detailed Project Report

 

AnnexurE-ii

 

The benefits and present status of the links three link projects under NPP viz; Yamuna-Rajasthan link, Rajasthan-Sabarmati link and Parbati-Kalisindh-Chambal link:-

 

Sl. No Name of the link States benefitted Annual Irrigation (Lakh ha) Domestic & Industrial supply (MCM) Present Status
1. Parbati -Kalisindh- – Chambal link Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan *Alt.I: 2.30

Alt.II: 2.20

13.2

FR Completed.
2. Yamuna-Rajasthan link Haryana and Rajasthan 2.51

(0.11+ 2.40 )

30 FR completed
3. Rajasthan-Sabarmati link Rajasthan and Gujarat 11.53

(11.21+0.32)

102 FR completed

 

* Alt I- Linking with Gandhisagar Dam, Alt. II- Linking with Rana Pratapsagar Dam

ANNEXURE-III

The benefits and present status of the links benefitting Madhya Pradesh under NPP viz; Ken-Betwa link and Parbati-Kalisindh-Chambal link:

 

Sl.No Name of the link States benefitted Annual Irrigation (Lakh ha) Domestic & Industrial supply (MCM) Present Status
1. Parbati -Kalisindh- – Chambal link Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan *Alt.I: 2.30

Alt.II: 2.20

13.2 FR Completed.
2. Ken-Betwa link Uttar Pradesh & Madhya Pradesh 10.62

(2.51 +8.11)

194 DPR completed and implementation initiated.

* Alt I- Linking with Gandhisagar Dam, Alt. II- Linking with Rana Pratapsagar Dam

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