Polluted Cities 

0
179

Stating that 14 cities of India – namely Kanpur, Faridabad, Gaya, Varanasi, Patna, Delhi, Lucknow, Agra, Gurgaon, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Jaipur, Patiala & Jodhpur are included in the list of 20 cities, which have recorded high levels of PM2.5, Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate, Dr. Mahesh Sharma has pointed out that these cities in WHO Report do not report pollution on all parameters.   In a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha, the Minister referred to the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Ambient Air Quality Database (update 2018), which consists of mainly annual means for PM10 and/or PM2.5, covering more than 4000 human settlements in 108 countries for the years from 2008 to 2016.

Dr. Sharma said that out of the 14 cities listed in the WHO database, 8 cities are in the list of 94 Non-attainment cities (2011-2015).   He added that the Non-attainment cities have been identified primarily on the basis of PM10. The Minister highlighted that under National the Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Program (NAMP), the parameters monitored are mainly PM10, SO2 and NO2. Initially, 94 non-attainment cities were identified for formulation of action plans. State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) have been asked to prepare city-specific plans. He also said that action plans have been received for 71 cities.  Further, 08 more cities have been added recently to list of Non-attainment cities for framing city specific action plan (Annexure I). “Seven Regional (East, West, North-I, North-II, South, North-East, and Central) Workshops were organized to sensitize SPCBs and stakeholders to develop City Specific Action Plan for control of air pollution”, the Minister averred.

Dr. Sharma emphasised that the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has formulated National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) for abatement of air pollution in the country. He stressed that the NCAP aspires to strengthen the ongoing government initiatives targeted towards prevention, control and mitigation of air pollution. He also stated that it lays down a comprehensive framework for management of air quality in the country by augmentation of existing air quality monitoring network, introduction of rural monitoring stations and devising air quality management plans for non-attainment cities based on detailed source apportionment (identification of pollution sources) studies for each city.

Annexure- I

Non-Attainment cities with respect to Ambient Air Quality India
(2011-2015) and WHO report 2014/2018

Sl. No State Cities Sl. No Cities
1 Andhra Pradesh
Guntur
Kurnool
Nellore
Vijaywada
Vishakhapatnam
2 Assam
Guwahati
Nagaon
Nalbari
Sibsagar
Silchar
3 Chandigarh
Chandigarh
4 Chattisgarh
Bhillai
Korba
Raipur
5 Delhi
Delhi
6 Gujarat
Surat
Ahmedabad
7 Himachal Pradesh
Baddi
Damtal
Kala Amb
Nalagarh
Paonta Sahib
Parwanoo
Sunder Nagar
8 Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu
Srinagar
9 Jharkhand
Dhanbad
10 Karnataka
Bangalore
Devanagere
Gulburga
Hubli-Dharwad
11 Madhya Pradesh
Bhopal
Dewas
Indore
Sagar
Ujjain
Gwalior
12 Maharashtra
Akola
Amravati
Aurangabad
Badlapur
Chandrapur
Jalgaon
Jalna
Kolhapur
Latur
Mumbai
Nagpur
Nashik
Navi Mumbai
Pune
Sangli
Solapur
Ulhasnagar
13 Meghalaya
Byrnihat
14 Nagaland
Dimapur
Kohima
15 Orissa
Angul
Balasore
Bhubneshwar
Cuttack
Rourkela
Talcher
16 Punjab
DeraBassi
Gobindgarh
Jalandhar
Khanna
Ludhiana
NayaNangal
Pathankot/Dera Baba
Patiala
Amritsar
17 Rajasthan
Alwar
Jaipur
Jodhpur
Kota
Udaipur
18 Tamilnadu
Tuticorin
19 Telangana
Hydrabad
Nalgonda
Patencheru
20 Uttar Pradesh
Agra
Allahabad
Anpara
Bareily
Firozabad
Gajraula
Ghaziabad
Jhansi
Kanpur
Khurja
Lucknow
Muradabad
Noida
Raebareli
Varanasi
21 Uttarakhand
Kashipur
Rishikesh
22 West Bengal
Kolkata
23 Bihar
Patna
Gaya
Muzaffarpur

 

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